AntiGravity: The Holy Grail of the 21st Century
British Aerospace, NASA and independent researchers worldwide are on a quest to understand the mysteries of hyperdimensional physics and unlock the secrets of antigravity. A Primer on the Role of Electromagnetic, Electrostatic and Torsion Fields in Antigravity and Field-Effect Propulsion.
by Bruce A Smith
Dr Eugene Podkletnov and the Hunt for Antigravity
Dr Eugene Podkletnov, one of the foremost
researchers in antigravity and whose work is sought by NASA, Boeing
and British Aerospace (now known as BAE Systems), describes the
hunt for antigravity as the greatest scientific quest of this century.
He calls for an international effort, akin to the Manhattan Project
that developed the atomic bomb, to conquer the secrets of antigravity
and usher in a new era of scientific understanding whose technological
development will be at a scale so vast that the potential outcomes
are merely hinted at by our previous achievements.
Just getting such a project off the ground will
require unprecedented international cooperation, and public disclosure
as well-the potentials are that vast, that scary, and that dangerous.
Dr Dan Marckus, noted British avionics expert, states in The
Hunt for Zero Point – the seminal work to date on antigravity,
written by Jane's Defence Weekly aviation editor Nick Cook
that the secrets of antigravity in the wrong hands will make
thermonuclear weapons look like firecrackers.
The secrecy surrounding antigravity research is phenomenal. Boeing
refuses to acknowledge publicly any activity in antigravity development
despite the fact that its competitor and sometime subcontractor
British Aerospace (BAE Systems) does and has provided funds
for four university research efforts as part of its Project Greenglow,
one of which was a Podkletnov replication experiment headed by Dr
Clive Woods at the University of Sheffield.
Further, Nick Cook publicly, and privately to me in an email, states
quite directly that George Muellner, former director of Boeing's
ultra-secret Phantom Works, claims Boeing sought the services of
Dr Podkletnov to unlock the secrets of his gravity-shielding research.
Cook says that Muellner states Boeing was denied Podkletnov's services
due to the objections of Russian officialdom-which the Russian-born
Podkletnov must pay attention to, apparently, despite the fact that
he works in Tampere, Finland. Dr Podkletnov, wisely perhaps, chooses
not to clarify these particulars despite our several emails.
Perhaps Boeing can deny any activity on antigravity because NASA
is doing its own research, and as a prime contractor to NASA, such
as by running the Space Shuttle Program, Boeing probably knows what
NASA knows. NASA spent US$600,000 recently in its Breakthrough Propulsion
Physics (BPP) program to purchase Podkletnov replication equipment.
Inexplicably, that equipment sits in boxes in NASA's Marshall Research
Center in Huntsville, Alabama, awaiting more funding, according
to an email I received from NASA propulsion researcher Ron Koczor.
But enough of the cloak-and-dagger business
What do we know about antigravity?
The search for that answer has taken me to some exciting and obscure
places in this world, like the Aeronautics and Astrophysics lab
at the Seattle campus of the University of Washington. I called
those folks because Nick Cook, in The Hunt for Zero Point,
mentions that UW received a NASA contract to study theories of inertia
as part of its BPP program.
That's a good place to start, I thought, but it took backtracking
to BPP Project Director Marc Millis at NASA's Glenn Research Center
in Cleveland to find Dr John Cramer at the UW Physics Department.
His mission was to confirm with Dr James Woodward the latter's 1996
preliminary research into the loss of gravitational mass in a targeted
piece of metal from oscillating capacitors. Although Woodward's
initial data appeared encouraging, NASA's Millis told me that their
funding dried up before they'd completed their research.
Furthermore, the entire BPP became unfunded in 2002, and now,
in 2003, has become a hazy, privatised version of its former NASA
Electromagnetic Containment of a Plasma Field
However, the University of Washington is continuing related research,
such as into magnetically confined fusion energy generators-and
by using electromagnetism to contain an inner field, this, in my
view, makes it a close cousin of antigravity and field effect propulsion.
I spoke with Professor Uri Shumlak who told me that he and other
UW staff from the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, along
with a bevy of their grad students, are building a prototype of
a fusion generator called an HIT, which stands for Helicity Injected
Torus. Doughnut ring shaped, the torus encloses a roundish chamber.
Within that chamber a vacuum is first created, and then a volume
of hydrogen gas is introduced and heated to a few million degrees
Celsius, which separates the electrons and protons from their atoms,
turning the whole stew into a quasi-neutral foam of plasma. Then
the torus envelops the plasma with a magnetic field to keep it away
from the sides of the chamber, enabling the plasma mass to stay
hot and keeping the rest of Seattle cool.
(While I was standing next to his little eight-foot-long gizmo,
Prof. Shumlak assured me there was no danger of a couple of million
degrees of heat escaping. The heat density of the plasma was "too
low" for me to, well, break a sweat over. His quote was, "There's
no more heat mass inside that chamber than what's contained in a
cup of coffee." I sure hope you're right, Doc.) Then, once the plasma
field is contained, the magnetic field squeezes the plasma, fusing
the nuclei of one hydrogen atom into another. As the hydrogen couples
combine, a helium atom is created and a neutron is released, along
with lots of energy in the form of heat.
One day, such a generator will give us unlimited amounts of electricity,
as the heat can be transferred to other mediums to pro duce voltage.
The UW predicts lots of electrical power on the cheap, and the Department
of Energy agrees-once the details of building reliable magnetic
field generators are solved.
What does magnetic fusion have to do with antigravity? Two things:
firstly, magnets. Electromagnetism seems to be one of the major
players in antigravity, particularly the use of electro magnetic
fields to contain other fields, such as plasma fields in the HIT
or torsion fields in antigravity devices-but more about that later.
Secondly, the HIT works-or is about to work. It's real, and mainstream
science embraces it; while antigravity is, well, a little more "out
there" and reliable data harder to obtain. So the technology of
HIT lays a base that other research can build upon, such as not
only containing other fields but also building field effect propulsion
systems, the most elementary of which is electrostatic propulsion-and
aspects of this are already being applied by NASA.
Electrostatic Propulsion Systems
Electrostatic propulsion uses electrical fields differently than
electromagnetism does. In EM a current flows and creates a field,
while in electrostatic systems the current is static and a charge
builds up in a field, such as in a capacitor or a fuel tank.
These theories are utilised on NASA's Deep Space 1, a probe
bound for the outer reaches of our solar system. On board the probe,
the propellant-a tankful of xenon gas-is excited electro statically
into positive ions. The containment vessel of the engine has a negative
charge at the exit end, so the charged xenon rushes out the tail
pipe with a greater thrust than if it was just using conventional
chemical propellants. In fact, the electrostatic propulsion system
on Deep Space I allows it to fly at 60,000 mph, or 10,000 mph faster
than it would with a conventional rocket.
In addition, only 82 kg of xenon is needed for its entire mission,
so with its smaller mass and weight the probe will fly alongside
its intended tar get, a comet, and drag-race on equal footing while
filming and conducting studies. Again, not antigravity per se,
but electrically charging Deep Space 1's fuel field sets
the stage for a closer look at electrostatic propulsion.
Taking that closer look is Tim Ventura and his fellow researchers
at American Antigravity, an organisation based in Kirkland, Washington.
Ventura and his crew use electrostatic asymmetrical capacitors to
create a field that levitates objects, such as their small, kite-like
"lifters". These lifters are very light, weighing only a few ounces,
and have balsawood struts that support the capacitors. When-two
capacitors of different size and load receive their share of a 30,000-volt
charge, the lifter lifts-with no motors, no wings and no apparent
source of lift. How, no one really knows, in my judgement. The phenomenon
is replete with controversy and mystery. But as one who has seen
a lifter fly, let me tell you what one looks like and what I saw
when Tim Ventura's took off.
Tim has been building lifters since he was a kid and has perfected
a 4x4x4 foot triangular lifter which has flown so many missions
in his garage that the silver aluminium foil has turned white. The
thin, chopstick-like balsawood ribs that hold the aluminium foil
in place are joined every few inches by a vertical strut (much like
a telephone pole on an HO model railroad set) which sticks up and
secures the copper or stainless steel wire of the upper capacitor.
The ribs are intersected every 10 inches or so by the strut of an
interior triangle, since the whole lifter is composed of interconnected
isosceles triangles which give the necessary strength to the balsawood
frame. All told, there is about 30 linear feet of aluminum foil
and a similar run of wire.
The lower and larger capacitor is a strip of aluminium foil stretched
between the horizontal balsawood struts. The second capacitor is
a thin strip of 50-gauge wire mounted about one inch above the aluminium
foil. As capacitors, they store electrical charge but don't pass
it on in a current.
The negative lead goes to the lower aluminium foil, and the positive
lead is attached to the upper wire. The three corners of the lifter
are tethered to the work table so that the electrical leads from
the power source are not broken off in flight.
The power source kicks out 15,000 volts at 250 watts. Tim uses
a voltage generator made by Information Unlimited, Inc., but, before
the current reaches the capacitors, the voltage is stepped up to
30,000 volts by Tim's home-made voltage multiplier stack. At full
throttle, the lifter is straining at the tethers, bending the balsawood
frame near the point of fracture.
The capacitors of the lifters are controversial, for asymmetrical
capacitors are not supposed to hold charges of two different volumes.
Yet the lifters fly and the question of how is a mystery that gets
stacked on top of the controversy. But here is what happens.
Throw the switch, and at around 17,500 volts the lifter begins
to quiver in take-off. At full power of 30,000 volts, the lifter
is roaring and a noticeable downward breeze is observed. Many physicists
call it "ion wind" and say that this is what causes the lifters
to fly. But what exactly is ion wind, and can it be the cause of
According to Ventura, "Ion wind is the movement of ionised air
particles which flow downward according to electrical charge". Here's
his theory. The positively charged wire on the top part of the lifter
steals electrons from the surrounding air, leaving the affected
air molecules positively charged. These positively charged air molecules,
or ions, then head downward toward the large source of negatively
charged electrons generated by the aluminium foil. These air molecule
ions are bigger and heavier than the electrons seeking them, so
there is a net thrust down ward, pushing the whole lifter up.
That's the theory-and, frankly, all I can do to verify it is to
tell you what others tell me. Before I do that, though, let me tell
you what I experienced while standing next to a levitating lifter.
In flight, the | lifter emits a high whining, hissing buzz, and
I could feel a good breeze coming up at me from the work table underneath
the | lifter. Also, while standing next to the | lifter but not
touching it, the hair on the l back of my head started to rise up
in electrostatic-like fashion.
To analyse the air currents, Tim blew baby powder at the top of
the lifter. The majority of the particulate cloud was drawn into
the middle area of the lifter and then sucked downward. A kind of
vortex was created at times, for intermittently I could see a cloud
forming into an organised column beneath the lifter and then spreading
out 360 degrees once it hit the work table surface.
Is that ion wind? Well, there certainly was a breeze, and it sure
felt like air, but how would I know if it was ionic? Something definitely
sucked the baby powder down, but was it more than just regular air
blowing past me? Again, I don't know.
Is the movement of wind why lifters fly, regardless of whether
the air is ionised or not, or is the wind just a by-product and
not the propulsion? Could the capacitors be creating a field that
neutralises gravity, allowing the craft to levitate? Or are they
creating some kind of new field that is localised, the surrounding
ambient field pushing this "field bubble" up-much like a helium
balloon is pushed up by the surrounding heavier air trying to fill
the emptier "field" of the lighter helium?
Ventura thinks at least two phenomena are at work. Ion wind is
definitely one, he feels, for the breeze is self-evident. However,
he thinks a second effect is at work, too, and many agree with him.
Most speculation concerns what is called the Biefeld-Brown effect,
the "Brown" being T. Townsend Brown, whose name is well known in
early quantum research and whose work is prominently discussed in
Nick Cook's The Hunt for Zero Point.
The Biefeld-Brown effect, according to Ventura, is the theory
that low-efficiency, high-voltage, air-gapped capacitors with different
or asymmetrical capacities generate a net directional force upward
from the larger element to the smaller element, which on the lifter
is from the aluminium foil to the wire. This force then pushes against
the ambient energy field of the surrounding area, perhaps pushing
against a more rigid energy field of the zero point energy field.
Brown apparently made his case for these electromagnetic effects,
receiving patents in the 1960s for his research. NASA's Dr Jonathan
Campbell at Marshall Research Center in Huntsville, Alabama, confirmed
to me that recently he also has received a patent for his research
into the thrust effects of asymmetrical capacitors.
However, prominent physicist Hal Puthoff-whose research cuts a
broad swath across the fields of the "new physics", as featured
in Lynne McTaggart's The Field and Nick Cook's The Hunt
for Zero Point, and who was also the military's "top psychic"
as the director for 12 years of the CIA's remote viewing squadron-has
a different perspective: "I'm quite certain at this point that the
so-called 'lifter' phenomenon is just an electrostatic ion wind
phenomenon, not 'antigravity'."
But Dr John J. Rusek, Adjunct Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics
at both Purdue University and the United States Air Force Academy,
says that "Initial findings of 'classroom' experiments with lifters
show ionic wind to be way too small a factor, by three orders of
magnitude". Dr Rusek has formed a technology company, Swift Enterprises,
to continue this research and bring it to the level that is "presentable
to the main stream physics community".
Along these lines, Jean-Louis Naudin shows on his extensive website
not only how to build a lifter but also several photos of research
into the ion wind issue. Naudin's team has wrapped test lifters
in plastic, yet they still produce antigravitational effects.
Dr Fran De Aquino's Space-time Bubbles
Others may have a clue to the second or even a third force at work.
Researcher Fran De Aquino, professor of physics at Maranhao State
University in Sao Luis, Brazil, has described in the literature
that "bubbles of localised space-time" can exist in variance to
the surrounding fields.
Anecdotal experience suggests that the lifters may be undergoing
such space-time anomalies.
Tim Ventura has a heavy cast-iron bench vise on his work table.
Intermittently, he gets zapped by a charge when he touched the vise.
But his experience is seemingly out of time, because he gets zapped
before he turns on the machine. He also gets zapped occasionally
during a lift-off, and can be jolted again days after turning off
Further, he finds anomalous magnetic events in his garage. Firstly,
the lifter does not fly straight up. It goes back to the rear wall
of his garage and is stopped and held in place by the sheet rock.
What could be in the wall that attracts it? What could be there
that is not present elsewhere in the garage?
Why not be attracted to a freelance journalist standing adjacent?
Secondly, Ventura finds he has intermittent and inexplicable magnetic
fields up to 14 feet away from his lifter, and these fields linger
for up to 15 minutes after he switches off the machine. Could all
of these effects be part of a larger, more esoteric phenomenon?
Dr De Aquino stated the following in an email to me: "If a particle
absorbs or emits electromagnetic energy (for example, photons),
its gravitational mass (not inertial mass) is changed. The gravity,
as we know, is proportional to the gravitational mass; consequently,
gravity is also altered." Could the lifter be levitating because
it weighs less, bathing in the glow of 30,000 volts and some kind
of anomalous magnetic field? Further, could it be levitating because
gravitons are blocked in some kind of gravity-shielding manner?
Ventura believes this is possible; so do some at NASA.
The Hunt for Zero Point states that NASA sought the services
of Dr Eugene Podkletnov. However, while NASA's replication research
languishes, the book claims that researcher Ning Li, of Huntsville,
Alabama, is pursuing this line of research as a private contractor
Another Huntsville operation, Trans-dimensional Technologies,
is exploring these multi-faceted phenomena, and its extensive website
shows it to be a frequent contractor to NASA, conducting research
into "asymmetrical capacitive propulsion" and capacitor based devices
to test "ion wind" forces. Jeff Cameron, of Trans-dimensional, is
said by Ventura to be "the father of the lifter", having developed
the device while exploring anomalous torsional effects of high-energy
The lasers twisted and broke the metal frames of unrelated test
material, and at the time this was considered a nuisance. But the
unknown forces at work later led Cameron to found Trans-dimensional,
develop lifter technology to a commercial level and subsequently
patent many pieces of related technology. Unfortunately, I have
been unable to reach Jeff Cameron or anyone at Trans-dimensional
for any kind of confirmation.
Vacuum Energy and Torsion Fields
Nevertheless, how would gravitons be blocked or gravity shielded?
Dr Hal Puthoff says there are two ways of looking at it. Firstly,
one can look at the issue from a quantum point of view: that there
is a particle exchange between the gravitons and some thing else,
and the net effect is antigravity. The hows and whys of that are
speculative, so Puthoff turns to a classical approach for answers.
He prefers the notion of "engineering the vacuum". To do that, one
must first consider what the vacuum is.
As I understand it, we are all in the vacuum; everything is. The
"vacuum" is the matrix that contains all matter and all energy.
It is the engineering perspective of the zero point energy field,
or "the field"-as popularised by Lynne McTaggart in her master piece, The Field: Dr Puthoff shared with me statements from fellow
researcher Dr T. D. Lee: "The vacuum is the seat of energetic particle
and field fluctuations, and...is the seat of space-time structure...that
encodes the distribution of matter and energy... The vacuum is energetic
in its own right."
Thus energy can be drawn from the field, and spacecraft can have
"vacuum propulsion systems, or propellant-less propulsion"-in other
words, field-effect propulsion. Tim Ventura may be flying his lifter
by having his capacitors push against the energy field of the vacuum.
At any rate, more and more physicists are thinking that the vacuum
can give them a whole lotta oomph-enough to propel spacecraft-and
when they learn how to corral it, a whole bevy of new phenomena
may be encountered, including antigravity. This new potpourri of
research is being called by many the "new physics". And although
his approach is classical, Dr Hal Puthoff seems to be sensing what's
out there waiting to be discovered.
Dr Puthoff's current research has been to explore "...the perturbation
of atomic or molecular ground ~ states, hypothesized to be equilibrium
states involving dynamic radiation/absorption exchange with the
vacuum fluctuations. In this model, atoms or molecules...are expected
to undergo energy shifts that would alter the spectroscopic signatures
of excitations involving the ground state."
Puthoff says he's had no success so far with this approach, but
his words remind me of De Aquino's speculation that objects lose
mass as they absorb energy. Pull energy from the field around you
and you lose weight. Bingo...lift-off! But how does one pull energy
from the field?
Torsion fields might play a role here, according to many, and
the literature on antigravity is filled with the term "torsional
effects". But what exactly is a torsion field?
"It has something to do with spin," Nick Cook told me on the phone.
"You have a torsion field when you spin something. Add a little
electromagnetism and you might have antigravity."
That's the shorthand version of it, and here's a deeper look.
Mike Wright, resident physics expert at BeyondTheOrdinary.Net
webstream radio, told me this:
"When forces create curvature (such as rotation) in more than
two planes, a torsion field results. Not only does the object go
around, but it goes around and 'down' or 'up', and the up/down movement
is an additional acceleration in that dimension. EM and gravitational
fields differ by having a magnitude of force and only one direction
"A tornado is a structure of air in air. A whirlpool is a structure
of water in water. So, because more than two planes are involved,
objects can be created from 'nothing'; that is to say that objects
can be created from the medium of the environment, such as a tornado
from two air masses of differing temperature."
So, spin plus movement is the key. Again, Tim Ventura is on the
hunt. He demonstrated to me that spinning magnets will cancel out
their magnetic fields sufficiently so that two magnets facing each
other with like poles (positive-to-positive, or negative-to negative)
will not push each other away if one of the magnets is rotating
perpendicularly to the force of opposition. It's not anti gravity,
but it gets us closer to the heart of the matter.
Furthermore, Russian physicists, such as N.A. Kozyrev, have been
researching the torsional effects of subatomic particle spin and
the loss of gravitational mass in planets from the angular momentum
of their orbits.
Spinning makes something happen, but what? Tornadoes and Mother
Nature might have a few clues. Tornadoes spin, in a sense, although
no one in Oklahoma who has spent a night in a storm shelter during
an F5 event would describe the tornadoes in the night sky as "spinning".
Nevertheless, tornadoes have anomalous effects that are legendary:
blades of grass stuck into mirrors, a piece of straw embedded flawlessly
into a tree trunk. How? It seems as if the laws of mass, gravity
and inertia are melted as winds swirl at speeds up to 300 mph in
an organized vortex pattern. Is this a clue to melting the pull
Getting information to answer this question has not been easy.
Many scientists, including particle physicists at major US universities,
claim not to have even heard of torsion fields. So, again I turn
to Nick Cook and The Hunt for Zero Point.
Cook's cloaked source, Dr Dan Marckus, says that if "...you generate
a torsion field of sufficient magnitude, the theory says you can
bend the four dimensions of space around the generator. The more
torsion you generate, the more space you perturb. When you bend
space, you also bend time."
Marckus continues: "If you dipped...one of these whirlpools...into
the zero point energy field, the seething mass of latent energy
that existed on an almost undetectable level all around us [in the
field would]...react in an almost magical way by directing that
The torsion field, in effect, is "a pump, a 'coupling' device
that could dip into and then direct energy out of the zero point
"But," Marckus continues, "the vortex wasn't a three dimensional
phenomenon or even a four-dimensional one. It couldn't be. For a
torsion field to be able to interact with gravity and electromagnetism,
it had to be endowed with attributes that went beyond the three
dimensions of left, right, up-and-down, and the fourth-dimensional
time field they inhabited; something that the theorists for convenience
sake labelled a fifth dimension- hyperspace."
Cook concluded from further conversations with Marckus that the
torsion field would "bind with gravity...to produce a levitational
effect-an antigravity effect", yet "it wasn't doing so in the four
dimensions of this world, but somewhere else". That somewhere else
Entering Hyperdimensional Space
So how do we activate torsion fields and enter hyperspace? Dr Eugene
Podkletnov may have a clue.
Podkletnov, the Russian researcher working in Finland, has studied
the gravity shielding effects of superconductors. Again, Nick Cook
in The Hunt For Zero Point relays vital information. He says
Podkletnov claims that "[i]f the superconductors are rotated considerably
faster than 5,000 rpm...perhaps five to 10 times as fast, the disc
experiences so much weight loss that it actually takes off". Or
25,000-50,000 revolutions per minute within some kind of torsion
field creates levitation.
I emailed Dr Podkletnov to find out more about this issue. He
replied: " [A] fast rotating object can, under certain conditions,
cause the polarization of the volume that it occupies in space and
around it. This polarization causes the gravitational effect as
it modifies [the] local gravity field. The vortex of the polarized
particles will create a vertical thrust with a certain force and
spatial momentum. Some scientists call these polarized particles
"The term graviton is an artificial one and at present we are
not sure if it is a wave or a particle and what type of particle.
Maybe it is a usual tachyon or a superluminal neutrino [a faster-than
"Polarization of the media means that the spins of electrons,
protons, neutrons and of small subatomic particles that constitute
the fabric of space or vacuum would be parallel. Then a kind of
gravity well is formed and the objects tend to fall into this well.
We observe this picture as an object rising to the sky.
"Polarization of the media (of space) causes some glow around
the object as it acquires additional energy and, because of it,
the glow around some objects is observed."
What I understand from Dr Podkletnov is that gravity is the effect
of spin – the spin of all subjected particles, from the sub atomic
level and up, being parallel, thus they are all aligned to fall
into the gravity well of Earth. And spinning objects, such as his
superconducting discs, when influenced additionally by an electromagnetic
field will experience a shift in the spin of the sub atomic and
atomic elements. They will be turned and not be aligned in parallel.
Thus, they are able to levitate.
But how to polarise the media and get things spinning? Enter Dr
Marcus Hollingshed, an enigmatic figure allegedly from Cambridge
University. Dr Hollingshed claims to have built a six-ringed toroidal
coil antigravity device which achieved great effect using rotating
magnetic fields. In January 2003, he announced on the Internet that
he has developed a 160-kg vehicle able to lift in excess of 2,000
kg and that it has both horizontal and vertical drive features.
His device not only can go up and down and sideways, but it can
push things away and pull objects to it, much like a Star Trek
TM tractor beam.
In addition, the field that the device purportedly generates is
capable of being broadened and weakened, or narrowed and amplified
in a lensing effect, with the field producing an absolute vacuum
of 2.2 metres in spherical diameter. Best of all, when it's cranked
up, the core of it goes invisible, although the term Dr Hollingshed
uses is that there is a "loss of reflected light".
There are no reports of independent confirmation, and Nick Cook
says he hasn't been invited to see the device, so he's sceptical.
Where does this leave us? Perhaps Dr Podkletnov's words sum up
our current situation.
"Modern theoretical physics cannot give you the direct answer
to your questions [levitation, torsion fields, etc.], and a scientist
who would agree to give you the answer cannot be regarded seriously,
softly speaking. If you had asked Dr Einstein if he were an expert
on gravity, the answer would be 'No'. I can repeat his words: 'No,
I am not a magician, yet; I am still learning.'"
Bruce A. Smith
Cook, Nick, The Hunt for Zero Point: Inside
the Classified World of Antigravity Technology, Century, London,
2001, Broadway Books/Random House, New York, 2002
De Aquino, Fran (Dr) website, http:/www.elo.com.br/~deaquino/
De Aquino, Fran (Dr), "Correlation Between Gravitational
and Inertial Mass: Theory and Experimental Test", Maranhao State
University, Physics Department, 65058-970 Sao Luis/MA, Brazil,
De Aquino, Fran (Dr), "Kinetic Quantum Gravity",
Maranhao State University, Physics Department, Sao Luis/MA, Brazil,
McTaggart, Lynne, The Field: The Quest for
the Secret Force of the Universe, HarperCollins, UK, 2001,
HarperCollins, NY, 2002
Naudin, Jean-Louis, JLN Labs website, http://www
Podkletnov, Eugene: Tim Ventura's American Antigravity
Puthoff, Hal (Dr), SR. Little and M. Ibison,
"Engineering the Zero-Point Field and Polorizable Vacuum for Interstellar
Flight", JBIS vol. 55, pp137-144, 2002
Transdimensional Technologies website, http://www.tdimension.com
Ventura, Tim, American Antigravity website, http://www
Washington, University of, Department of Aeronautics
and Astronautics, Seattle, WA, http://www.aa.washington.edu
Wright, Mike, Tuesdays with Mike, "Quantum
Physics Explained", BeyondTheOrdinary.Net webstream radio at http://www.beyondtheordinary.net
©2003 Bruce A Smith
Reproduced from NEXUS magazine Oct-Nov 2003