Julius A. Birch PhD
We analyze the Apollo 17 ascent from the lunar surface that occurred on December 14, 1972. The LM lunar ascent was captured by a remotely-operated pan-zoom-tilt (PZT) camera on the Lunar Roving Vehicle parked some distance away, and transmitted via TV to audiences on Earth. We use the known features of the camera tilt and zoom to find the elevation (angle above the horizon) as a function of time of the craft in the TV transmission. This, in combination with the distance to the camera, is used to reconstruct the ascent.
We compare the ascent to that of the Apollo 5 and 11 missions and find a number of differences. Following detailed analysis of these differences, we conclude that the transmission features a scaled-down scene of the launch, in which a scaled-down self-propelled miniature of the Apollo 17 LM ascent stage ascends from the surface along tracks.
Following the reconstruction of the reported Apollo 17 lunar liftoff, we show that the trajectory of the craft in the television broadcast is not consistent with the LM ascent stage flying freely in space. Rather, we have isolated a number of anomalies all of which strongly suggest that what was shown in the broadcast was a scaled-down replica of the LM ascent stage ascending along tracks from the stage in a specialized film studio on Earth.
Email: Julius Birch
About the Author
Julius Birch received his PhD in applied (engineering) physics from the Fakultät für Mathematik und Physik of the Hannover University, Germany. After a brief post-doctoral work at his alma mater, he moved to the USA to pursue a career in applied industrial research. Currently Julius Birch is with a private company working on problems in system analysis & control, and remote sensing. His interest in NASA's accomplishments started after he viewed a YouTube documentary about the Moon.
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